To achieve a better practice in the future, Learn now with CHINARTE!

CHINARTE / Yongnian Portugal is a Chinese Martial Arts School that spreads out and promotes the teaching of Traditional Yang Tai Chi Chuan and Qigong. We develop a High Quality Teaching and our main aim is your personal and professional enrichment.

CHINARTE is the result of a life dream of the International Master Nelson Barroso, who has dedicated more than 30 years of his life to the Martial Arts' Study, Practice and Teaching. Master Nelson Barroso is a direct Disciple of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, who, nowadays, represents the Yang Tai Chi Traditional School, son of the Great Master Fu Zhong Wen, who established the World Yong Nian Federation to spread out the Authentic and Original Yang Tai Chi through the entire world.

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Fu Zhong Wen and Fu Sheng Yuan performing Tui Shou

This is an old video, which is an historical document quite valuable.

Fu Zhong Wen, Yang Chengfu’s disciple, performing Traditional Yang Style Tui shou with his son Fu Sheng Yuan. In this video, in the first place they perform shuāng tui shou (fixed step with two hands). Then they do Da Lu . After minut 3:25 they start performing "steps in motion with straight steps" (shun tui shou). At last, after minut 3.39, they perform "steps in motion with cross steps" (tào tui shou.
In the end Fu Zhongwen also performs Dalu with one of his students.

Yang Form - Part III by Fu Zhong Wen

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Instructors' Yang Tai Chi Jien (Sword)

CHINARTE organized and promoted the Instructors' Yang Tai Chi Jien (Sword)Course, which was held on the 1st, 2d and 3th of October 2010 in Viana do Castelo (Portugal). The course was supervised by Master Nelson Barroso and had as aim to improve and develop the practiotioners habilities in this particular Traditional Yang Tai Chi Form.

For furthermore information (Portuguese Language) click on link:

Master Nelson Barroso and the Instructors: Josefina Lourenço, Diana Roque, João Pedro Costa, Lúcia Fonseca, Elsa Sardinha e Carlos Lema

For furthermore information (Portuguese Language) click on link:

Instructors'Yang Tai Chi Dao Course

CHINARTE organized and promoted the Instructors' Yang Tai Chi Dao Course, which was held on the 26th, 27th and 28th of November 2010 in Viana do Castelo (Portugal). The course was supervised by Master Nelson Barroso and had as aim to improve and develop the practiotioners habilities in this particular Traditional Yang Tai Chi Form.
As Master Nelson Barroso referred: " To learn Authentic Tai Chi is a task that never ends, we always have to work deeper to perfect our Tai Chi Performance. There are several details to improve in each level we achieve of practice. We must be sincere, diligent and perseverant if we want to get a better practice. Just with this kind of attitude we will progress continuously."

Master Nelson Barroso and the instructors: Carlos Lema, Diana Roque, Paula Ferreira, Sónia Ferreira, Paula Gomes e Carlos Felgueiras

Thursday, November 11, 2010

Traditional Yang Tai Chi Jien (Sword Form)

Master Fu Qing Quan, son of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and grand son of Great Master Fu Zhong Wen, performing Traditional Yang Tai Chi Sword

Thursday, October 7, 2010

World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation Events 2010 /2011

In order to notice who may be interested in the several opportunities to meet Great Grand Master Fu Sheng Yuan and Master Fu Qing Quan, we hereby present the dates and places of World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation' activities that will take place from November 2010 till August 2011. This programme will be periodically revised.

5th to 13th of November 2010 - Foshan / Taiwan - Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and Master Fu Qing Quan will be present in the following events: Chen Man Ching 110th Birthday Ceremony;
Authentic Yang Style Exhibition; Tai Chi Chuan Forum

19th to 22th of November 2010 - Hangzhou / China - Tai Chi Chuan Championship of Hangzhou

8th of December 2010 - Hangzhou / China - III Tai Chi Chuan Health Exhibition promoted by the Chinese Wushu Association

23th to 25th of December 2010 - Lijiang / China - Yang Style Tai Chi Chuan Meeting

January 2011 – Guangzhou / CHina - Tai Chi Chuan Master Course

February 2011 – Perth / Australia - International Tai Chi Chuan Course

28 April to 5 May 2011 – Shanghai / CHina - International Tai Chi Master Course

3rd to 10th of June 2011 - Japan - Authentic Yang Tai Chi Chuan Course and Tour

16 to 19 June 2011 – Poland - International Tai Chi Course

20 to 30 June 2011 - Italy - International Tai Chi Course

1 to 15 July 2011 – Portugal and Spain - International Tai Chi Master Course

August 2011 - Wudang / CHina - Wudang Mountain Tour and Tai Chi Course

Friday, September 24, 2010


Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and Master Fu Qing Quan

Monday, August 23, 2010

World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation's Deontology

By Diana Roque
The World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation’s Deontology Code aims to establish the directives of acting and duties of their members, having as purpose to promote the good development and evolution of their Yang Tai Chi Chuan practice and professional performance. Furthermore, it promotes the enrichment of the intrapersonal relations, as well of the relationships with other people, which should be supported on basis of a moral-ethical conduct that is outlined accordingly with the following principles:

The Yang Family’s Action Path*
• The Fu Zhong Wen’s Six Happiness Principles
• The Fu Sheng Yuan’s Four Principles

The Yang Family’s Action Path establishes that to improve the practice of Yang Tai Chi Chuan, we must develop:

• Zhin (Diligence)
The intense, hard and strenuous work is a requisite to develop and improve the practice skill. The daily and assiduous practice will bring as reward good results.

• Hen (Perseverance)
It is important to develop the practice of Tai Chi in order to cultivate a continuous, stable and permanent feeling with that purpose. This feeling and intention, conjugated with a regular practice, will allow us to achieve this point.

• Li (Respect)
To respect the Master, the Teacher and the Companions, is of primordial importance. Be connected with others having in consideration their past, as well as their expectations. The mutual respect serves to emphasize a feeling of community and solidarity in a society, in which the individuals should respect each other, mutually.

• Zhen (Sincerity)
A sincere attitude is one of the requisites for the apprenticeship of Tai Chi Chuan. In way to reach a good practice, we need to show a genuine determination for getting this purpose. While dealing with others, do it with sincerity, if you wish others correspond you likewise. So, we all should maintain sincerity as first attitude to have with others, consequently, we will get a gentle and harmonious flow in our relationships.

Great Master Fu Zhong Wen, who was Fu Sheng Yuan’s father, has also established some directives to promote the good relationship with others, as well as the salutary development of the Tai Chi practice, which are known as “Fu Zhong Wen’s Six Happiness Principles”. Those rules of acting consist in promoting the following behaviors:

• To Help Others
The cooperation and the help that is suitable to others provide a feeling of well-being and happiness.

• To Promote Kindness
To practice good actions, maintaining in all attitudes a pure Mind and Heart.

• To be Tolerant
To develop the capacity of accepting the difference, even when they contradict customs and social habits in force in a given society, that will reflect an attitude of understanding and respect for other individuals and cultures.

• To be Grateful in the Present Time
The feeling of gratitude provides an emotional sensation of well-being in the intrapersonal level that is reflected straightly or indirectly in the relations we develop with others; therefore, it is important to develop this feeling in each present moment.

• To Develop Self - Esteem
The self-esteem represents the subjective evaluation that each person does from herself, which can be positive or negative. So, it is important that individuals with a decreased self-esteem strengthen this aspect. In other words, to do a positive evaluation of oneself, means to accept and to like oneself such as each one is.

• To Practice Tai Chi as a Life Philosophy
There are countless methods to evolve as a human being, among which Tai Chi presents itself as one of the techniques that can provide the progress in the personal development, being a way of reaching Happiness.

Recently, Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan in the context of what, naturally, he always has promoted along his life experience, presented four new principles with the intention of complementing the Yang Family’s conduct rules, as well as those previously established by his father, Fu Zhong Wen. Those new principles are, respectively: Loyalty, Friendship, Rectitude and Humanity.
Fu Sheng Yuan’s Principles are not new, since they have always integrated the life customs and traditions of Fu Family. I have been noting that Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan’s posture, as well of Master Fu Qing Quan, when dealing with their disciples and pupils or who they may be connected, it is an example of cordial familiarity. They are, undoubtedly, good hosts, always expressing satisfaction when in contact with others, revealing a genuine sympathy and joy of living that is contagious. This form of being generates a positive energy that is revealed in their natural form of being, without prejudices, where everybody can be what they are. In mine last travel to Shangai (July and August of 2010) I had the privilege to hear Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan speaking on these four principles. It was on these reports that I substantiated the definition of Fu Sheng Yuan’s Four Principles that I hope to have managed to exempt of my personal interpretation of the words of the Great Master. So, I begin to expose the above mentioned principles:
• Zong (Loyalty)
Loyalty is a quality or attribute of an individual who in a determined relation expresses himself as being loyal and reliable in what concerns the relationship bond, thus meaning that he preserves the original characteristics of the model had as reference. So, the concept of loyalty is applied in a context of a relation between two individuals, but also, in the relation individual / object.
In this case, the relation Master / Disciple (or student) and the relation that each individual (Master, disciple or student) establishes with the object involved, namely, the transmitted or received knowledge, which is inherent to Tai Chi, yet, maintaining its original essence, as dictated by the Master.
So, to be loyal to the Master and / or to the knowledge received from him, it presupposes to respect and to accept that knowledge. Loyalty does not occur by auto-imposition or by others imposition, since if such it should not be lasting. Consequently, the relation should be established in the context of a mutual confidence and affinity, thus, the quality loyalty, naturally, appears when it is substantiated and supported on a true feeling.
To trust the Master teachings induces the acceptance of his directives, which turns in a conduct of personal respect to him, even when just facing other people, which is expressed in the unconditional support to the Master.

• Ye (Friendship)
Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan defines that it is essential to promote friendship in the relations that we establish with others.
The friendship concept can have several connotations according to the type of human relationships that may be established between two individuals. In this extent, there must be understood how an interpersonal relation settled upon companionship that is strengthened by the genuineness in sharing mutual interests and upon a helpful spirit that outcomes. Nevertheless, the friendship does not always presuppose the affinity of interests, being an affection that appears naturally for empathy with the other.
The ideal friendship should integrate a form of being, in which the following should be reflected:
• To nourish and show sympathy and empathy for another person.
• Loyalty.
• Confidence.
• Honesty and Truth.
• To wish the best to the other.
• To accept the other such as he is and do not exacerbate his defects.
• To share the good moments and the bad ones.
• To respect each one individual space, thus friendship should not be suffocating. A friend knows when it is opportune to be present.
• True friendship is settled on genuine love relationship; we love our friends such as they are and not because what they have.

• De (Rectitude)
Rectitude is a characteristic of human character in the context of the moral and ethical acting, in what it concerns the adopted behaviours in relationships that an individual establishes; it has implicit the qualities of loyalty and honesty, as well as an irreproachable conduct, in other words, that one that will never intentionally damage another person, may it be by words or acts.

• Ren (Humanity)
The virtue, humanity, consists in a set of strengths that tend to promote the behaviour or attitude of wanting or acting in order to aid other people. So, humanity is associated with three concepts: love, kindness, and social intelligence. Consequently, to humanity is also implicit the feeling of altruism towards others.

Now, the most imperative is to emphasize that all of us should try to do utmost in perfecting the development of the qualities, virtues and behaviours above marked. Certainly, we will reach higher levels of technical perfection in the performance of Tai Chi practice, in our personal development and, specially, in the relations that we establish with the world.

Coimbra, 22th of August of 2010
*The Yang Family’s Action Path based on the Book “Authentic Yang Tai Chuan” of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan.
** Fu Zhong Wen’s Six Hapiness Principles according to data that I gathered near Master Fu Qing Quan’s oral report - Ourense (Spain), 15 of June of 2008.
*** Fu Sheng Yuan’s Four Principles based on his oral statement – Shanghai, 1 of August of 2010.

Thursday, August 19, 2010

Tai Chi Chuan - Origin and Present

By Diana Roque

The origin of Tai Chi Chuan is a controversial topic that incorporates a multiplicity of historical factors that include social, political and philosophical questions of the Chinese Culture. Several historical facts form a complex net of information, which linear analysis becomes of difficult understanding. Therefore and in order to clarify, as much as possible, the Tai Chi origin, I think that it is advisable to expose the several theories in a structured and clear approach, accordingly to a systematized model that suits three principal theories. Those theories characterize and differentiate the Tai Chi Chuan emergence, considering time and space variables, as well and obviously, in what concerns the historical characters that had been wrapped in this art birth.

At the present time, one of the most solid theories defends that the origin of Tai Chi took place in Wudang Mountains in the Province of Wuhan (China). Nevertheless, some authors show that this theory has a strong legendary face, since many people refer that the character known as the founder of Tai Chi, Chan Sen Feng, in reality, never existed. This conclusion is the result from the countless reports that were registered along the old times, which had described some episodes that would have had as protagonist Chan Sen Feng. Those events registers vary between the 13th and the 17th centuries and consequently, this figure, historical for some and mythical for others, it is characterized like an immortal, who had obtained special powers through the internal alchemy development. However, the Wushu Museum of Wudang city shows evidences that this Taoist monk had really existed and that he was undoubtedly the main propeller of martial internal arts development, with special relevance for Tai Chi Chuan. This is a fact that I personally had the opportunity to notice, when I visited last July the above mentioned museum. Master Chan San Feng emphasized as a primordial way to reach the inner evolution, the work towards the balance between Yin and Yang, which follows the Nature law of Tao, such as supported by the Taoist Philosophy. Thus, he developed the meditation practice in harmony with body exercises, that were driven by an internal energy, which was improved and strengthened through the Tai Chi practice.

A second theory presents Tai Chi Chuan as a martial art developed in Chenjiagou, a little village of Hebei Province (China). This theory has been defended by the Chen Family, which represents one of the Tai Chi Chuan Traditional Styles. The Chen Family’s version affirms that Tai Chi Chuan had been developed in the middle of the 17th century by his ancestral Chen Wang Ting, a general of the Ming dynasty, who fought in Shaolin. This fact might justify the similarities of Chen Tai Chi School with some martial practices aspects that had been developed in Shaolin, commonly, denominated as External Arts and that are based in the Buddhist Philosophy. This observation is extremely controversial, thus it is known and widely accepted that Tai Chi Chuan has a notorious Taoist Philosophy inspiration source.

For last, there is a third theory that emphasizes the importance of Yang Luchan (1799-1872) in the history of Tai Chi Chuan. Yang Luchan was born in the little village of Yong Nian of the Henan Province (China) and he was a Martial Arts Master of reputable value and high level technical skill, who became known as the Invincible. Accordingly to oral reports that I gathered from Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and from his son, Master Fu Qing Quan, who represent one of the lineages of the Yang Tai Chi Traditional School, representing, respectively, the 4th and the 5th generation of Yang Luchan Tai Chi, Yang Luchan was undoubtedly brilliant in the Martial Arts practice and after having travelled several times to Chienjiagou, what he did along an eighteen years period, he could learn with Chen Chang Hsing the art of Mien Chuan, who had learnt it previously from Jiang Fa. Some authors say that Jiang Fa learned the Art of Mien Chuan from Wang Tsung Yueh, character that is connected with Wudang Internal Martial Arts. However and to be faithful to Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan speech, which has been transmitted among the Yang family from generation to generation, and by his own words, nobody can say that Jiang Fa learned directly the art of Mien Chuan from Wang Tsung Yueh, since there is a great probability that he was not his contemporaneous, and in spite of being accepted that there is a connection between both, the involved characters are not known, given that there are no registers of any kind confirming that, so what may be said or written are just hypotheses . Though, it is certain that the art of Mien Chuan was not practiced by the Chen Family, who only practiced Pao Chui at the time, a Shaolin Martial Art. On the other hand, some people say that the root of Mien Chuan was associated to Wudang and is known that it had already the 13 postures, inherent to the 5 directions and the 8 energies.
Yang Luchan became famous for his martial skills, in such a way that he was invited by the Emperor to visit the Beijing Imperial Court and afterwards he taught the Imperial Princes and the Imperial Guard. One day in the Imperial Court when he was fighting, demonstrating the Art of Mien Chuan, his martial performance was compared by Wong Tong He to the Tai Chi balance. Wong Tong He was a scholar man who had a deep knowledge of the Taoist philosophy, and when he noticed the excellent performance of Yang Luchan and his amazing capacity for defeating several reputable opponents, he wrote:

“Hands holding Taiji shake the whole world,
A chest containing ultimate skill defeats a gathering of heroes.”

So, Wong Tong He had a main role in the association of Mien Chuan with Tai Chi, since till the moment this man identified the Art of Yang Luchan as Tai Chi, this art was just known as Mien Chuan. Thereafter, Yang Luchan’s Art was known as Taiqiquan (Tai Chi Chuan), as well as all the styles that were born from his teachings. At that time Tai Chi was just one and as Fu Sheng Yuan and his son, Master Fu Qing Quan, always say, authentic Tai Chi Chuan is still only one.

Grand Master Fu Sheng Yuan points quite often the following analogy concerning the success and expansion of Yang Luchan Art:

“Yong Nian is the sea and Chienjiagou is the boat. As the water is getting higher and higher and the sea bigger and more powerful, the boat goes up and up, thus it becomes more and more visible”.

With this sentence my Sifu intends to say that in fact without Yang Luchan, nowadays, Tai Chi would not be known in the world such as it is, since he was undoubtedly the main responsible for the spread of this art. In a first moment in the Imperial Chinese Court and later through his descendants and followers through whole China and the world, and I recall the words of Fu Sheng Yuan “ ... if the water of the sea wouldn’t rise, the boat would not be visible. ".

Nevertheless, there is a great controversy in what concerns the truthfulness of the multiples theories in force, which are contradicted between themselves, and this fact results from the lack of written trustworthy documents that could prove the historical authenticity of those theories. So, in the absence of historical irrefutable proofs and preserving a care and wisdom position, I have choose to expose the main several versions about Tai Chi origin, and I hope further searches may be done letting know the several historical perspectives and, simultaneously, may launching for the arena a healthy discussion about questions inherent to the essence and definition of the original concept of Tai Chi Chuan by the light of the evolution that it has suffered in the course of the 20th century in China and in the Western World, as well in the development that has been kept and showed up in the first decade of the 21th century that lead to the appearance of new Tai Chi schools and styles.

The Family Family theory was supported by many people, which turned out to be in the placing and public exhibition of a bronze plate in Chienjiagou village. That plate had engraved the following sentence “Here was born Tai Chi”. However, recently this plate was withdrawn by Chinese Government’s order, which demonstrates the awareness for the necessity of finding valid answers for such a controversial subject. On the other side, in Yong Nian village there still remains exposed a plate that has carved “Yong Nian, Tai Chi hometown”, which can be an indicative relevant fact.

In my opinion, nowadays, the important is to emphasize that Tai Chi Chuan concept exceeds the original essence that in the past had defined it as a Martial Art. At the present time, Tai Chi is also performed as Competition Sport, as well as a therapeutic method of health prevention and promotion and furthermore, as an entertaining activity, being associated to the concepts of Fitness and Wellness. On the 21th century Tai Chi is known as a Sport and Martial Art, as well it is getting more and more recognized as a fabulous natural Health Art. However, I cannot stop noticing my personal point of view that states that genuine Tai Chi practice demands a martial content, hence, it will require a strenuous work towards the continuous improvement of the postures and consequently of the Tai Chi performance.

To practice Tai Chi Chuan in a martial perspective will only show results after several years of work, which has no end. In spite of this, the martial practice also incorporates the remaining perspectives, in other words, it is simultaneously a playful, sportive and therapeutic practice. Beyond that as a Martial Art, Tai Chi demands the supervision with an experienced Master who must have received this knowledge from a traditional trustworthy lineage. This is an empirical knowledge which has been transmitted from generation to generation, which learning and teaching, can, certainly, be improved and facilitated by new complementary techniques, but the straight contact of an authentic master will always be essential. A master besides his capacity to demonstrate that dominates the practice, has the competence to correct and to lead in a positive manner the evolution of their students.

The evolution in this art implicates personal pledge, perseverance, sincerity, humbleness and gratitude for the received teachings. Therefore, I end this article expressing my recognition and gratitude to my three Masters of the Yang Tai Chi Traditional School, who have been fulfilling in different, but irreplaceable form, a relevant role in my apprenticeship, namely, Master Nelson Barroso, Master Fu Qing Quan and Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan.

Coimbra, 19 of August of 2010

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

CHINARTE's Yang Tai Chi Photos

By Diana Roque
Slide Show of beautiful Tai Chi photos with Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, Master Fu Qing Quan, Master Nelson Barroso and some Portuguese Yang Tai Chi Practitioners.

Who Likes Come, Who Loves Will Return

By Diana Roque
Once more CHINARTE promoted and organized the INTENSIVE YANG TAI CHI AND CHI KUNG COURSE, which was successfully held from 10th to 15th of August of 2010 in Viana do Castelo, one of the most interesting cities of Alto Minho. This region is known by their beautiful natural landscapes, where we can appreciate and enjoy the green of mountains, the blue of rivers, streams, as well of the sea. All this associated with an historical and traditional environment, since the surroundings are full of ancient stone houses, chapels and other monuments.

This course was simultaneously completed with "ALTO MINHO SUMMER HOLIDAYS 2010 PROGRAM", joining to Tai Chi and Chi Kung practice the development of several entertaining activities, as morning long walks in woods and lagoons, picnics by rivers and streams,Tai Chi practice by the Minho's river and on the top of Cervo's Hill, among others relaxing and amusing moments.

The Intensive Tai Chi - Chi Kung Summer 2010 Course had as aim two main aspects:

1. To develop new skills, improve and consolidate previous ones;

2. To promote the physical and mental relaxation in a natural way with Tai Chi and Chi Kung practice, and furthermore as a consequence of sightseeing and sociability moments.

Next year CHINARTE will repeat this fabulous experience of Alto Minho Nature contact, which is undoubtedly truly healthy.

To get an idea of the activities developed, as well of some of the amazing places we visited, you can click on the following links and see some pictures:

Friday, August 6, 2010


By Diana Roque

Once more, our stay in China is being really amazing and full of rich experiences.
We arrived at Shanghai the 9th of July 2010 in order to represent CHINARTE /Portugal Yong Nian, one of the International Members of the World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation in the 10th World Grand Wushu Shanghai Festival. This first week was completely dedicated to the Wushu Festival which was held in the Songjiang district of Shanghai, one of the most beautifull districts of Shanghai plenty of green areas. In the second week we were completely committed with the International Yong Nian Tai Chi Master Course and after its closure, on the last day, the 20th of July 2010, we had the privilege to assist to the Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan Disciples Ceremony in such a special place, as his father’s old house, Great Master Fu Zhong Wen’s house, which is located in Shanghai down town in a traditional quarter of this city.
On the next day, the 21th of July 2010, quite early in the morning we took the airplane to Wuhan Province having as aim to visit and explore the Wudang Mountain and its surroundings. Master Fu Qing Quan organized this special trip for us and our companions from Australia, India and Spain. Nowadays, the nearest airport is still just in Wuhan city, so we had to take a touristic bus exclusively arranged for our sixteen people group and after 6 hours through the high way we finally get to Wudang Mountain city, where we stay resting the first night. The following day we visit the Wudang Wushu Museum which gave us to know the history of the Wudang Mountain, and how Tai Chi was born from the junction of the Taoist philosophy and the mysterious and the penetrating Wudang Mountain Nature. The following morning we took a special bus to take us upper in the Wudang Mountain, since the next five days were passed in the Wudang Mountain.
Wudang Mountain was recognized as a World Cultural Heritage, being the Wuhan State Symbol. Wudang Mountain landscapes are astonishingly beautiful; there we can inspire in each breath the essence of the trees and the music of the birds' singing. The entire environment is quite well preserved and protected, maintaining its original essence “simple as the Tao itself”. During the bus trip we did two stops. In the first bus stop, we visit the Prince Palace, where we had the opportunity to taste several kinds of Chinese teas, in a kung fu ritual tea. Afterwards, on an upper level of the mountain we stopped in the Wild Park which had a peaceful lake from which emerged garden areas, made by man, surrounded by the wild mountain forest. There were Chinese women selling several types of fresh fruits, however the purpose of buying the fruits should mainly have as purpose, their offer to the wild little monkeys that live around the park.
At the end of the day, finally we achieved the hotel where we would stay the next four days. This hotel has a quite privileged location, just 300 meters from the Heaven Purple Palace. The Heaven Purple Palace is an old monument made of Wudang mountain rock stone that was built in the 16th century. It is a Taoist Temple and besides the religious practices, it still is a Tai Chi practice place in our days. The entrance of the Heaven Purple Palace seems like a huge gate to the Wudang Mountain.

After over passing the Main Gate of the Palace we can see a long stair with stone steps and before arriving to the first stair step, bilaterally, we find two statues, on the right a lion and on the left a lioness, as well as two temples. Those temples are very simple and its architectonic structure presents an archway ceiling sustained by four high dimension pillars. In spite of this simple appearance, inside of each temple there is a giant turtle statue, which were carved in the stone and the most impressing is that we can figure out that each turtle statue was sculptured in just one block of stone. Traditionally, we should embrace the turtle body and touch her head, though the turtle symbolizes the strength and the power of life, the longevity.
After climbing the central main stairs of the yard, we find another entrance door that gets into a small temple, with a door on the back that drives us to the widest Temple yard. From this back side door the sight is surprisingly wonderful fulfilling anyone’s heart of peace and quietness. The lateral sides of the yard have several small temples and the front yard presents a remarkable wide and long stone steps stairs and on the top it comes out the main Temple, the Purple Palace Temple shines in all its grandiosity. In this temple the Taoist Monks sing their prayers, playing the bells and burning the incense to purify the energy of the place, giving continuity to a tradition of centuries. This main temple is located in the centre of a high mountain platform, covered by worked stone and we can walk around the temple, finding in its backyard another temple located in a superior level, placed as it where touching the mountain forest. This smaller temple is made of painted wood, its walls and doors have beautiful paintings, and one of the most interesting of them shows a phoenix and a dragon facing each other.

It was on the main yard of the bigger and imposing Purple Palace Temple that we could train and practice Tai Chi with Master Fu Qing Quan, by ourselves and among the Taoist Monks and others foreigners Tai Chi practitioners. I remember that during the Tai Chi practice in that special place, I thought, “We really can feel the old spirit of the Wudang mountain, breathing the energy that is impregnated in this sumptuous stone ancient Taoist monument, getting a quiet and peaceful state of mind, relaxing body, however keeping awakened to the purpose of being one with Nature. A feeling of gratefulness for being alive and do part of this scenario spontaneously comes out.”.

Furthermore, the enjoyable moments we had in the Heaven Purple Palace, we must emphasize the astounding hiking to the top of the Wudang Mountain that demands the climbing of 7.000 stone steps among the hill-walking. I must say that this really was a quite difficult adventure, since it was too exhausting and an arduous climbing work, in such a way that the majority of the members of our group didn’t achieve the top of the mountain and gave it up on the way, having returned back to the hotel. Although, the hard climbing experience all the Portuguese Members succeed and arrived to the top. During the walk climbing journey we could see Chinese fruit sellers, among other things. There were men that transported people to the top in litters, a quite strenuous job, though it is their job, their way to earn life and survive. We saw old men carrying heavy bags containing products for sale on the shops located on the top of the mountain; they were climbing without stopping, demonstrating unbelievable body strength and mind perseverance. After having climbed half way we had to choose one of two possible ways and unfortunately or fortunately we choose the toughest. The stairs were quite narrow and there was the danger of slipping and falling down, since that day it was raining a little bit. Furthermore, the way we had chosen was steeper. I remember, that for several times, I thought that it was impossible for me to climb one more step, but at that time, it was out of the question to give up, that would mean to stay in the middle of the mountain completed isolated and alone. It was a relief when we finally saw the Golden Temple on the top of the Wudang Mountain. However, after achieving it, we had another surprise; we still needed to climb up more 300 steps to really get up to the top. Well, perhaps you are now thinking that it was not too much, but after a so tiring climbing, I can assure you that it was not a piece of cake, but it was worthy to arrive up to the top.
At last, we were on the Wudang Mountain top, the first ones of our group, Master Nelson Barroso, Carlos Felgueiras and me, and a few minutes later two of our companions from Australia, also accomplished this spectacular achievement, Andrew and Daemon. We stay on the top for a while enjoying the marvelous sight that unanimously we described as just being possible if we could fly on the back of an eagle through the sky. I felt in union with the sky and the earth and I could understand the Taoist Principle of trinity between Earth – Man – Heaven. On the way back we cross with other companions that were still climbing but almost achieving the top, Cicile and Michael from India and afterwards Graaham from Australia. Later on, already descending half way in the mountain, we also find Maryela from Spain, who told us that all the others had already give up. Descending the Wudang Mountain was easier than climbing it up.
Even knowing that climbing up the Wudang Mountain is a hard work, I have to say that it is a unique experience, that everyone should live. Many Chinese people do this as a religious pilgrimage. We did it to get the feeling of the Wudang Mountain essence, though we can just get this knowledge living it personally. Like the Tai Chi practice development depends on our personal daily work, also the Wudang Mountain spirit shall be felt when living truly the mountain experience; that is not possible just reading books or watching videos.
Our journey to Wudang is ending; after tomorrow we will return to Shanghai and we all are wishing to revisit this serene Tai Chi place. Certainly, we will come back again and again...
The new touristic project for Wudang Mountain is Wudang Lake. Wudang Lake project will be ready in 2012/13 and it is settled on four items; Tai Chi as the product to present and show to the world; Taoism as the philosophy that supports and defines the essence of Tai Chi; Wudang Lake as the scenario, where the new Wudang city will born around it; Wudang Mountain the essence from which Tai Chi was born and that promoted the development of Taoism practice during the last centuries. Therefore, the Taoist principles Yin and Yang remain present – the past and the essence represented through the Wudang Mountain and the future through the Wudang Lake that will enrich the Wudang city, creating a sustained development in the cultural, scientific, economical and social fields. Tai Chi gets a fundamental role, as it figures out as the connection between the past and the future, the Yin and the Yang.

Author: Diana Roque
Wudang, 24th of July of 2010

Thursday, August 5, 2010

Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan Disciples Ceremony - Shanghai July 2010

By Diana Roque
It was held on the 20th of July of 2010 a Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan Disciples Ceremony. This ceremony had as aim to initiate six new disciples of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and it has an unique characteristic, that makes it a so special event, since it was completed in the Fu Family’s Shanghai old house. I had the privilege of being one of those six disciples, as well as Maily from Australia, Henry from Hong Kong, and other three new brothers (a Chinese lady and two Chinese gentlemen). I will never forget the emotion of that moment and I am certain they all felt the same way.

Diana Roque giving her disciple request letter to Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan
Fu Zhong Wen's old house / Shanghai

Master Nelson Barroso (Portugal Yong Nian) and Diana Roque
Back yard of Fu Zhong Wen's House / Shanghai

Diana Roque (Portugal Yong Nian Member / Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan new disciple)
Fu Zhong Wen 's Old House / Shanghai

Master Nelson Barroso doing the salutation in honour of Great Master Fu Zhong Wen

Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and his Wife, among the six new disciples

After Yang Cheng Fu dead, his most nearest disciple, Great Master Fu Zhong Wen, was recognized by all people as having a main role in the spreading out of the Yang Tai Chi, inside China and abroad. Great Master Fu Zhong Wen was a respectful and honourable Tai Chi Master and his love and respect to the Yang Tai Chi Family, was demonstrated when he helped to propagate the teaching of the Authentic Yang Tai Chi, maintaining the original essence of the Yang Tai Chi. This has un inestimable value and should be considered part of China Cultural Heritage, as also of the World Cultural Heritage.
It is in the city of Shanghai that Great Master Fu Zhong Wen lived almost all his life. Nowadays, the Fu Zhong Wen’s House still exists and it is located in the Shanghai’s down town. This house represents a symbol of Yang Tai Chi History, since it was for several decades a place of training for the Yang Tai Chi practice. It still is in our days a place of meeting to all the Yang Tai Chi disciples of the Great Master Fu Zhong Wen lineage, including the disciples and students of his son, Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, and his Grand Son, Master Fu Qing Quan, who are in our time the true representatives of the Authentic Yang Tai Chi Chuan.
We were informed that there is a project to put down all the buildings located in the area where is the Fu Zhong Wen’s House, including that one. We were quite surprised with this fact, because that will mean the end and the destruction of one of the main Yang Tai Chi symbols. This House was built by Fu Zhong Wen’s Company in the beginning of the 20th Century and it was taken by the Japonese Soldiers during the Japan Invasion and Second World War. If really the Fu Zhong Wen’s House disappears, part of the Cultural Richness of Shanghai will be vanished and that will be quite sad and a great lost.
Therefore and in order to keep and protect the Fu Zhong Wen’s House, we would like to give you to know our suggestion. Thus, avoiding the lost of this house, perhaps the Chinese Authorities could find an alternative solution, preserving the house and creating around it a special green area. The Fu Zhong Wen’s House could be transformed in a Museum of Great interest, a place of pilgrimage for the World Yang Tai Chi Lovers, as well for all styles Tai Chi lovers. Underground, the area could contain a car parking and around the house people could practice Tai Chi and take advantage of beautiful gardens, enriching the heart of Shanghai, one of the most Cosmopolitan cities in the World.
We hope that someone in charge of this kind of matter may pay it a special attention, in order to help to preserve the Fu Zhong Wen’ House.
Coimbra, 05th of August of 2010

3rd World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation Master Course

By Diana Roque

Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan with Portugal and Spain Yong Nian Members
From Portugal: Master Nelson Barroso, Diana Roque and Carlos Felgueiras
From Spain: Master Jose Gago and Maryela Reymundi Pereira
From 15th to 20th of July of 2010 in Shanghai it was completed the 3rd World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation Master Course, which was supervised by Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and his son, Master Fu Qing Quan. This International Master Course was held once more successfully, having as participants Yong Nian Tai Chi Masters and Instructors from several countries as Portugal, Spain, Australia, India, Israel, Malaysia, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Japan, as well as China Yong Nian members, including from the Chinese provinces of Taiwan and Hong Kong.

The programme of this Master course was quite intense and interesting among the work of the Empty Hands Form and Weapons Forms, as well of Push Hands, we should emphasize the presentation of the Fa Jin Form, which is a Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan new sequence form. Fa Jin exercises during years were trained in a traditional way, however in order to settle a work method for the Fa Jin development in our days, Great Master Fu structured this new form.

CHINARTE/ Portugal Yong Nian: Nelson Barroso, Diana Roque and Carlos Felgueiras with our brother Andrew from Tasmania (Australia)

CHINARTE/ Portugal Yong Nian: Nelson Barroso, Diana Roque and Carlos Felgueiras with our brother Michael A. Selvaraj from India
More photos available in the following link


The World Grand Wushu Festival it was held successfully in Shangai from 10th to 15th of July 2010. The organization of this event belongs to the Shanghai Sports Federation under the auspices of the Chinese Wushu Association.
The Shanghai World Grand Wushu Festival has become a reputable event in the Wushu Community worldwide. This event will continue to be organized biennially in order to promote Wushu (Chinese Martial Arts) to all the world enthusiasts, with the purpose of introducing Wushu to the world, displaying wushu with characteristics of several countries, exchanging skills extensively, promoting friendship and raising the standard of wushu.

Portugal was represented exclusively in the 10th Shangai World Wushu Festival through the Tai Chi Chuan athlete Diana Roque, who represented CHINARTE / Portugal Yong Nian and simoultaniously the World Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation, as direct disciple of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan. The Worl Yong Nian Tai Chi Federation was also represented by several Tai Chi athletes from Australia (Perth, Sidney, Tasmania, Melbourne), Israel, India, Spain, Malasia, Hong Kong, etc. and its team among the Tai Chi participants of the 10th Shangai Wushu Festival was one of the most numerous.

Thursday, June 10, 2010


From 11 to 26 July 2010 - AUTHENTIC YANG TAI CHI CHUAN





Registering through EMail:

Tuesday, June 8, 2010

World Yong Nian Tai Chi Instructors Course - Portugal (Lisbon) 2010

José Gago (Spain Yong Nian), Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, Fu Qing Quan and Nelson Barroso (Portugal Yong Nian / CHINARTE)

The Retreat and International Instructors Yang Tai Chi Course organized and promoted by CHINARTE at Lisbon (Portugal) from 3 to 6 of April 2010, was once more a great success.
CHINARTE congratulates all the instructors that participated in this event and expresses its gratitude to Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and Master Fu Qing Quan for all their teachings.

Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Pay Attention and Ask Yourselves!

By Diana Roque in “As minhas reflexões…”

A master is an individual who has acquired an expertise on a particular area of human knowledge and that has the ability to convey this knowledge to other individuals, known as pupils or disciples. The term master requires the existence of a dual relationship between the individual that has the role of master and the pupil or disciple who considers the first one as his master. This description associated with the original definition of master, requires that the master should act in order to educate and teach, directly and personally, the pupil in a given area, and simultaneously, the pupil should receive and embed the master teaching, being aware of this connection, that must exist between a certain period of time, which is necessary to complete the learning process. This learning process occurs in several stages through a determined communication channel.

There are individuals who are truly masters and teach the art they have learned in a authentic and genuine way. Those masters put many years of dedication and personal commitment, developing and continually improving their practice and theoretical and technical capacity, helping and supporting the growing and developing of those who surround them.

Therefore, to define the concept of master obliges, also, to define the term pupil, which should be differentiated from the term disciple. Who do not absorb directly the knowledge from a master cannot be characterized his pupil and much less his disciple, since the latter term, defines who follows and respect the master. The disciple is the one that learns what the master teaches, and seeks to put into practice the teachings that he receives or received from the master. The pupil is a mere student who can become a disciple, if later on put in practice what he learned from the master. So many pupils may never be considered disciples, given the misrepresentation that they insert on their master teachings, thus undermining the very essence of the given learning.
Master and disciple, or teacher and pupil? To identify this relation, both must mutually recognize each one in their own role, because it is a relationship established in a two-way communication and it is not unilateral, and that generates a sense of mutual communion. However, in a higher level of development the pupil or disciple, naturally, becomes master of itself, because the purpose of learning a given Art is not only theoretical and practical, it is also the personal development knowledge. The last aim of each individual is to improve his self knowledge and to expand the awareness of the All that transcends him, and that simultaneously is One with himself. At this stage the master/disciple relationship is focused and works in two ways. The first one is the self knowledge work because each one is master of itself, and the second one concerns the fact that each master has the possibility to have several pupils or disciples and those ones have the opportunity to have several masters.

Thus, when faced with a path that aims to learn and develop the knowledge that concerns a specific Art, pay attention and carefully ask yourselves who is your Master, as well as ask yourselves, if you are disciples or pupils!

Coimbra (Portugal), 23 March 2010

Monday, February 22, 2010

Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and his son, Master Fu Qing Quan

Master Fu Qing Quan
Posture: Wan Gong She Hu

Master Fu Qing Quan
Posture: Ti Shou Shang Shi

Master Fu Qing Quan
Posture: Xia She

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

I Have Chosen Traditional Yang Tai Chi / Fu Sheng Yuan’s Lineage

Photo: Posture "Workship the Sky with One Incense Stick" performed by Diana Roque

I Have Chosen Traditional Yang Tai Chi / Fu Sheng Yuan’s Lineage
By Diana Roque

Nowadays, Tai Chi Chuan is known all over the World. However, not everybody is aware of the real essence and origins of Tai Chi. There are several theories concerning the appearance of the practice of Tai Chi and in spite of their contradictions, all those theories agree that Tai Chi has a Martial Essence. It is clear that in ancient times Tai Chi was a martial technique and only, after the middle of the last century, during the China Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Government promoted the spreading out of Tai Chi as a Health Art. However, at the end of the second decade of the twenty century, Yang Cheng Fu, a very well known Yang Tai Chi Master had already started the teaching of this Martial Art as a strong instrument to preserve and promote Health.
To learn Tai Chi Chuan in its kung fu perspective is quite difficult, and who wish to follow this has a hard and long way to get through, a journey of years that never ends. Among the thousands of Tai Chi practitioners, no matter what is their Tai Chi Style, only a few number of them have the privilege of having access to the authentic knowledge and secrets of Tai Chi. Some of them are able to cultivate and improve their performances, being always aware of the endless way they have to go through to achieve perfection in the three main aspects, which are physical movements, energy conductibility and mind control. Those main aspects demand patience, humbleness, hard work and a connection with all things.
Not everyone can achieve a high level of kung fu Tai Chi performance, but everyone can do their best according to the underlined purpose, and this can have several aims, as for instance to preserve or improve health or cultivating and enjoying the practice of Tai Chi, as a way of personal developing. The important thing, is to be always aware of our needs and ways of satisfy them, respecting other people visions.
Personally, I have chosen the Authentic Fu Sheng Yuan Yang Tai Chi Style and I have been learning it during the last four years with Master Nelson Barroso and every year I participate in the World Yong Nian Tai Chi Courses. Those International Courses are promoted and organized in Portugal, Spain and China once a year and give us the possibility to contact and learn Tai Chi directly with Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan and Master Fu Qing Quan, however, I am quite aware of my practice level. Every day I find that I need to improve some movement, and every day it seems like I am starting again. Nevertheless, I try to do my best, even knowing how far I am to be perfect.

I enjoy Tai Chi and I just can define it as Poetry in Movement and as a Meditation Art, full of elegance, gracefulness and beauty, though hiding an unimaginable potential of strength and energy.

Photo: Posture "The Big Dipper" performed by Diana Roque

Saturday, January 30, 2010

CHINARTE' Yang Tai Chi Photos

Slide Show of beautiful Tai Chi photos with Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, Master Fu Qing Quan, Master Nelson Barroso and some Portuguese Yang Tai Chi Practitioners.

CHINARTE Introduction

Yang Tai Chi Brothers

Friday, January 29, 2010

Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan

By Diana Roque
Santa Luzia' Garden - Viana do Castelo /Portugal
Grandmaster Fu is a Tai Chi reference in our times for several reasons. He represents nowadays the Authentic Yang Tai Chi Traditional Style, and he was born in the middle of Tai Chi. His father, Great Master Fu Zhong Wen, was the closest disciple of Yang Cheng Fu (brother of his Grandfather). He learned the genuine Tai Chi and has cultivated it like a treasure must be preserved and respected.

A Great Master and a Great Man as we can understand by his noble look and posture, as well as for his wisdom words and behaviour, which are the reflected image of his mind and spirit. As Tao illustrates, he lives life in a natural way, always with a gentle smile that shines warming our hearts giving us a feeling of strenght and quietness, Yin and Yang as Tao itself.
Dear Grandmaster Fu, we are grateful and very proud for having you as our guide on the long road of perseverance, patience and respect that learning Tai Chi implies.
We wish you an Healthy and Happy Long Life.

Portugal Yong Nian China Tours' Photos

Please click on the following links:

Tai Chi Meditation by the Sea

By Diana Roque

Blue sky and sea,
Soft movements flowing with the wind.
Mind becomes peaceful and free,
And the Self awareness shines like the sun.
Being just like Water is,
We remain connected with the All,
and yet deeply rooted in the Earth,
feeling the Energy strength flow through us.
By Diana Roque

Thursday, January 28, 2010

“There Is Only One Tai Chi Chuan”

By Nelson Barroso

Yang Luchan

The above link presents Master Fu Qing Quan’ Interview made by myself on the 17th of May of 2007. The purpose of this interview was to clarify some points, yet, still doubtful, which concern the Yang Family History and Tai Chi itself.

Master Fu Qing Quan

Wednesday, January 27, 2010


LISBON / PORTUGAL – 3 to 6 June 2010

Exclusive for Yongnian Members

World Yong Nian’ Instructors International Examination

Four days Retreat in a pleasant and peaceful place which will give the opportunity to learn more and relax. The location of the retreat is quite near Lisbon, just 10 minutes from the Lisbon center.

The International Workshop will be developed during four days from 3 to 6 June 2010. Grand Master Fu Sheng Yuan and his son, Master Fu Qing Quan will clarify once again and will teach what is the Authentic Yang Tai Chi. We will have a quite intensive practice training.

For whom who also is interested in Luohan Qigong, Master Nelson Barroso will supervise early in the morning one hour of Qigong practice, before starting the Tai Chi Training.

Please, ask for more information through email:

Tuesday, January 26, 2010

The Tai Chi Nature

By Diana Roque
Photo: Diana Roque in Danbien Posture near the Yong Nian Lake / China
Tai Chi is an ancestral martial art and in spite of its internal force, it can be defined as Meditation or Poetry in Mouvement, since outside our eyes just see perfection, beauty and gracefulness.
As the Tao refers Yin and Yang are always opposing and complementing each other, the Feminine and the Masculine, The elegance and the strength...

CHINARTE / Sifu Nelson Barroso

CHINARTE is a Martial Arts and a Traditional Chinese Institute that among several activities spreads out and promotes the teaching of the Authentic Yang Tai Chi, as well as the teaching of Luohan Qigong and other Qigong Techniques.

We are located at the North of Portugal at Viana do Castelo, a typical Northern Portuguese town quite beautiful, known by its peculiar traditions and that offers spectacular mountain and sea landscapes.

CHINARTE is the result of a life dream of Master Nelson Barroso who has dedicated more than 30 years of his life to the Martial Arts. He is a direct old disciple of Great Master Fu Sheng Yuan, who represents the World Yong Nian Federation - The Authentic Yang Tai Chi - through the entire world, and is also a Wing Sing Tong International Master, being one of the few Inner Chamber Disciples of Great Master Chen Yong Fa, the Keeper of the Choy Lee Fut System.

CHINARTE develops a High Quality Teaching and has as main aim the personal and professional development and enrichment of their students.

To achieve a better practice

Learn now with CHINARTE